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Saturday, 2 March 1878
Association Friendly Match

Scotland 7 England 2 [4-0]


Match Summary
Scotland Party

England Party
Team Records

Hampden Park, Hampden Terrace, Prospect Hill, Glasgow, Lanarkshire
The first time England have played in a purpose-built venue
Kick-off (London Time): 3:30pm.
'where 12,000 spectators assembled'; 'it is computed that about 15,000 spectators were present'; 'An enormous crowd, variously estimated from 10,000 to 15,000 persons'; 'played before 20,000.'

Scotland won toss Arthur Cursham kicked-off
[1-0] John McDougall 7
 'safely landed'
[2-0] John McGregor 32

[3-0] Harry McNiel 39
[4-0] John McDougall 41

Highet is also named as the scorer of the third goal, as well as the fourth goal in some reports.
[5-0] John McDougall 46 HATTRICK
[6-0] Billy MacKinnon 62
[7-1] Harry McNiel 70
 'rounded keeper'
[6-1] John Wylie 65
[7-2] Arthur Cursham 75
       "Fine, in general, with a slight shower through the match. A stiff wind prevailed."                                                                           

Match Summary

Officials [umpires and referees are of equal relevance]


Played according
to SFA rules.



G. Turner
Edinburgh University
R.B. Colquhoun
Lennox, Scotland
(SFA Vice-President)
A. Dick
Hon. secretary SFA

Scotland Team



No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 1st
Colours: Dark blue shirts, white shorts.
Capt: Charles Campbell Selectors: The Scottish Football Association Selection Committee, on 25 February 1878.
Scotland Lineup

Gardner, Robert

275 days
31 May 1847 G Clydesdale FC 5 11 GA
was an Umpire in the 1876 match
2 McIntyre, Andrew 22
205 days
9 August 1855 Backs Vale of Leven FC 1 0
4 Vallance, Thomas A., injured off 65 min 21/22 1856 Rangers FC 3 0
4 Campbell, Charles nk not known Half

Queen's Park FC

5 1
5 Kennedy, Alexander nk not known Third Lanark Rifle Volunteers FC 4 0
  Richmond, James T. 19
345 days
22 March 1858 For

Queen's Park FC

2 1
McGregor, John C. 26/27 1851

Vale of Leven FC

3 1
McDougall, John 24/25 1853

Vale of Leven FC

3 3
first hat-trick against England
9 Highet, Thomas C. 24/25 1853 Queen's Park FC 4 1
MacKinnon, William M. 26
43 days
18 January 1852 Queen's Park FC 8 3
McNiel, Henry 24/25 1853 Queen's Park FC 6 5


not known

team notes:

Thomas Vallance was hurt in the melee that was England's first goal. He was forced to retire from the match 'getting a piece of turf in his eye'.


This is the first England match to feature just one debutant in the opposition.


Gardner -
McIntyre, Vallance -
Campbell, Kennedy -
Richmond, McGregor, McDougall, Highet, MacKinnon, McNiel.


Age n/a Appearances/Goals 4.0 1.4
most experienced team that England have faced so far


England Team



No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 2nd
Colours: White shirts with the English Arms in black on the breast, white shorts and dark blue caps.
Capt: Arthur Cursham
(first (2) captaincy)
Selectors: The Football Association Committee with secretary Charles W. Alcock having the primary influence, on 23 February 1878.
England Lineup

Warner, Conrad

322 days
14 April 1850 G

Upton Park FC

1 7 GA only app
51   Hunter, John 26
201 days
13 August 1851 Full

Heeley FC, Providence FC, Wednesday Club & Sheffield Albion FC

1       0
52   Lyttelton, Edward 22
222 days
23 July 1855 Cambridge University AFC & Old Etonians AFC 1 0 only app
4 Jarrett, Beaumont G. 22
227 days
18 July 1855 Half
Cambridge University AFC & Old Harrovians AFC & Grantham FC 3 0 final app
53   Bailey, Norman C. 20
222 days
23 July 1857

Old Westminsters AFC & Clapham Rovers FC

1       0            
54   Fairclough, Percy 20
29 days
1 February 1858 For

Old Foresters AFC

1 0 only app
55 Wylie, John G. 23 late 1854

Wanderers FC & Sheffield FC

1 1 only app
Cursham, Arthur W. 24
353 days
14 March 1853 Notts County FC 3       1            
56   Wace, Henry 24
162 days
21 September 1853

Wanderers FC & Clapham Rovers FC

1       0            
10 Heron, G. Hubert H. 26
31 days
30 January 1852 Wanderers FC & Swifts FC 5 0 final app
was an Umpire in the previous match most apps
11 Mosforth, William 20
59 days
2 January 1858

Sheffield Albion FC

2       0            


not known

team notes:

The original line-up included Cambridge University AFC's Lindsay Bury and Royal Engineers FC's Robert Hedley. Their places went to Lyttlelton and Wace.
Cuthbert Ottaway, England's first ever captain, died a month after this match, on 2 April 1878.


This is the first time that England have lost three matches in a row.
2-2-6 Warner -
Hunter, Lyttelton -
Jarrett, Bailey -
Fairclough, Wylie, Cursham, Wace, Mosforth, Heron.


Age 23 years 206-239 days Appearances/Goals 1.8      0.2
most experienced team so far
"The Englishmen were entertained at dinner by the Scottish Association, at the Royal Hotel." - Monday, 4 March 1878, Sheffield Daily Telepgraph.


Match Report - The Times, Monday, 4 March 1878 In Other News.....

About 15,000 spectators were present at Hampden-park, near Glasgow, on Saturday, to witness the seventh annual match between England and Scotland, under Association Rules. Unfortunately, heavy rains on Thursday and Friday caused the ground to be in a very moist, slippery condition on the Saturday. A close contest had been anticipated, although it was generally admitted that the English possessed a stronger team than their rivals. The home team always have an advantage, however, in having a larger number of players to select from, owing to the difficulty in getting players to travel so far north or south, as the case may be. The consequence was that Scotland sent a very formidable 11 into the field, and as they were lighter and passed the ball better than the Southerners, the result was an easy victory.


It was on 3 March 1878 that Russian forces liberated Bulgaria at the Treaty of San Stefano after 500 years as part of the Ottoman Empire.

The Scotch were successful in the toss, and chose to play at first with the wind, which blew rather strongly, at their backs. With this powerful ally they soon pushed the warfare into the enemy's territory, and it was not long before M'Dougal kicked a goal for Scotland. This was soon after followed by a second goal obtained by M'Gregor. The English now strove hard to stem the tide, which appeared to have set in so unfavourably against them. They were unable to do so, however, as before half-time had arrived the Scotch had doubled their previous score, M'Neil and Highet each being credited with a goal. With the change of ends and with the wind at their backs it was expected that a change would follow in the fortunes of the Southerners. But their hopes were soon dispelled, as a minute had hardly passed before M'Dougal kicked a fifth goal for Scotland, and M'Kinnon a few minutes later obtained a sixth. A check to these continued successes was now made through a combined rush on the part of the English forwards, and Wace getting in possession of the ball, kicked it between the posts. This success, however, was of short duration, as M'Neil quickly scored a seventh goal for Scotland. Before the conclusion of the match the Southerners made another raid into their opponents' territory, and a second goal was secured. "Time" was soon afterwards called, and the Scotch were pronounced victors by seven goals to two. Of the seven matches which have been played, Scotland claims four victories, England one, and two games have been drawn.
"The England players we had down this time were a splendid lot of players individually, but to my idea they played very selfishly, each one of them appearing to play for himself and not for the success of the side" - 'A Disgusted Englishman' - Bell's Life, 1878

"The cause was not so much the want of English pluck and endurance as the superiority shown by the Scotch in playing together, power, and the result of incessant practice. The strangers fought bravely and well but the hardy Scots fought better, and the game was won." - Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle - Sunday, 3 March 1878
Source Notes  

The Football Association Yearbook
original newspaper report & Independent, 4 March 1878
Douglas Lamming's A Century of English International Football 1872-1972 & 1872-1988
Douglas Lamming's A Scottish Internationalists' Who's Who 1872-1986
Cris Freddi's England Football Factbook
Gibbs England: The Football Facts

John Maxwell's Scottish International Football Archive (website)
Jack Rollin's Rothmans Book of Football Records
The Scottish Football Association, Scottish Match Archive
James Corbett's England Expects
The Official History of the England Football Team (DVD)