England Football Online
  Page Last Updated 12 August 2012

Alba

 


4 vs. Scotland
five
6 vs. Scotland

Saturday, 5 March 1876
International Friendly Match

Scotland 3 England 0 [3-0]
 

Match Summary
Scotland Squad

England Squad
Team Records

The West of Scotland Cricket Ground, Hamilton Crescent, Peel Street, Partick, Glasgow
Attendance: 12,000, possibly as much as 16,000; Kick-off 3:30pm London Time
The Manchester Courier states that between 30,000 and 40,000 assembled.

Scotland - Billy MacKinnon ('screw kick over his head' 8), Henry McNiel ('kick' c 12), Thomas Highet ('off his head' 35).
Results 1872-1890

Scotland won toss, England kicked-off.

 

Match Summary

Officials [umpires and referees are of equal relevance]

Scotland

 

England

Umpires -
Mr Turner

Swifts &
Robert Gardner

28 (31 May 1847), Clydesdale

Referee -
William C. Mitchell

Queen's Park FC

Played according to Scottish Football Association rules.

English and Scottish, each wore stockings of different colours. This was, in the first place, to indicate to a player in possession of the ball the positions of his fellow-players on the field, by watching their pedal extremities; and, secondly, to enable the spectators to identify a player by his party-coloured stockings. Cards were issued by the Queen's Park, giving the teams, and the colours of their stockings.

Along with the introduction to a half-time change over and interval  - wooden bars were also introduced, replacing a tape between the goalposts.  This was also the first international match to be played in front of a grandstand.

Scotland Team

Rank:

No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 2nd to 1st
Colours: Dark blue shirts, white shorts.
Capt: Joseph Taylor Selectors: The Scottish Football Association Selection Committee, on 1 March 1876 in Glasgow.
Scotland Lineup
1

McGeoch, Alexander

20/21 1855 G Dumbreck FC 1 0 GA
2 Taylor, Joseph
 black & white socks
25 16 December 1850 B Queen's Park FC 5 0
3 Hunter, John - - B Third Lanark Rifle Volunteers FC 3 0
4 McLintock, Alexander - - HB Vale of Leven FC 2 0
5 Kennedy, Alexander - - HB Glasgow Eastern FC 2 0
McNiel, Henry
 yellow & black socks
22/23 1853 F Queen's Park FC 3 2
MacKinnon, William M.
 black & white socks
24 18 January 1852 F Queen's Park FC 5 2
8 Highet, Thomas C.
 heather socks
22/23 1853 F Queen's Park FC 2 1
9 Miller, William - - F Third Lanark Rifle Volunteers FC 1 0
  Ferguson, John - - F Vale of Leven FC 2 0
  Baird, John Campbell - - F Vale of Leven FC 1 0

reserves:

G.Wilson (Clydesdale FC), C.Campbell (Queen's Park FC), M.McNeil (Glasgow Rangers FC), Andrews (Glasgow Eastern FC), and Lang (Clydesdale FC);

team notes:

Highet is often mistyped as Herriot
   

 2-2-6

McGeoch -
Taylor, Hunter -
McLintock, Kennedy -
McNiel, Herriot, McKinnon, Miller, Ferguson, Baird.

Averages:

Age n/a Appearances/Goals 2.5 0.5

 

England Team

Rank:

No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 1st to 2nd
Colours: White shirts with the English Arms in black on the breast, white shorts and dark blue caps.
Capt: Hubert Heron, first captaincy. Selectors: The Football Association Committee with secretary Charles W. Alcock having the primary influence, reported on 2 March 1876, but named sometime before.
England Lineup
1

Savage, Arthur H.P.

25 18 October 1850 G

Crystal Palace FC

1 3 GA
2 Field, Edgar 21 29 July 1854 FB Clapham Rovers FC 1 0
3 Green, Frederick Thomas 24 21 June 1851 HB Wanderers FC & Old Wykehamists FC 1 0
4 Bambridge, Ernest H. 27 16 May 1848 HB Swifts FC & Corinthians FC 1 0
5 Jarrett, Beaumont Griffiths 20 18 July 1855 HB Cambridge University AFC & Old Harrovians FC & Grantham FC 1 0
  Heron, G. Hubert H. 24 30 January 1852 F Uxbridge FC & Wanderers FC & Swifts FC 4 0
  Buchanan, Walter S. 20 1 June 1855 F Clapham Rovers FC 1 0
 

Maynard, William J.

22 18 March 1853 F First Surrey Rifles FC 2 3 GA
9 Smith, Charles E. 25/26 1850 CF Crystal Palace FC & Wanderers FC 1 0
10 Heron, C. Francis W. 22 late 1853 CF Wanderers FC 1 0
11 Cursham, Arthur W. 22 14 March 1853 F Notts County FC 1 0

reserves:

Herbert Bevington (Clapham Rovers FC), H.S. Talbot (Swifts FC)

team notes:

Frederick Brunning Maddison and Alfred H. Stratford (both Wanderers FC) were in the original starting line-up. Their places went to Bambridge and Green.
Hubert and Frank Heron were brothers. Hubert is England's most capped player.
   
2-2-6 Savage -
Field, Green -
Bambridge, Jarrett -
H. Heron, Buchanan, Maynard, Smith, F. Heron, Cursham.

Averages:

Age 21.1/2 Appearances/Goals 1.4 0.0

 

 

Match Report

.....Photo Report....

One of the earliest known England team photographs [courtesy of YouAndYesterday.com].
See notes at bottom of page.
Ten of the team that faced Scotland.
Standing - Field, Buchanan, Smith, Green, Maynard.
Sitting - Savage, Turner (Umpire), H. Heron, Bambridge, F. Heron.

Front row - Jarrett
.
Absent player is Cursham, presumed taking the photo;

The grainy photograph of the England football team (left) has never before been 'published' in the modern era.  Prior to its posting on this website the 1876 image has been entirely unknown to the modern generation of football lovers in general and sports academics in particular. Even the in-house historian of the Football Association had no knowledge of the picture's existence.  So You & Yesterday may proudly claim a 'world exclusive' - a veritable football 'scoop' - for this is the earliest image of an England football team yet discovered.  As such it extends the photographic time-line of international football history by quite some years, for prior to this the earliest England team pictures known to exist dated only from the early 1890s. 

From the Soho Square headquarters of the Football Association, the organisation's official historian David Barber said:  "We have a number of books on the history of the England team and the earliest picture I have ever seen dates from the early-1890s - certainly nothing like 1876. So yes, this is a major find."

A 'feather in the cap' then for the newspaper archive of Derby Local Studies library, for it was discovered in a 1920s edition of the Derbyshire Football Express which the library holds on old microfilm - hence the rather poor quality of the copied image.  Notwithstanding that, the picture demands to be shown for its historical rarity alone. Not least because no images of some of the players have hitherto been known. So at last faces are being put to names for some of the very first men to wear 'three lions on their shirt'. 

The photograph was taken in Glasgow on 4 March 1876 on the occasion of only the fifth ever international football game -that between England and Scotland played at the West of Scotland Cricket Ground, Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow.  Scotland emerged victorious by 3 goals to 0 - the photograph shows ten of the vanquished England side plus the 'umpire' - the early appellation for the match controller we now know as a referee.

The original photograph had been sent to the Derbyshire Football Express - at that time the 'Football Special' edition of the Derby Telegraph - for inclusion in a 'Bygones'-style feature. Yes, even then the 'heritage business' was flourishing!  The correspondent was 71-year-old Edgar Field - one of the England players in the photograph - who was living in Littleover, Derby, at the time.

Edgar Field was born in Wallingford, Berkshire, on 29 July 1854. He was educated at Lancing College at a time when 'association football' - born in 1863 - was not yet a decade old. He was a member of the school's football XI in 1870-71.  After leaving Lancing he played first for Clapham Rovers and later for Reading, the former at that time one of the foremost association sides in the country. Field had the singular honour of playing in two FA Cup Finals with Rovers - their 1-0 defeat by Old Etonians in 1879 and a 1-0 victory over Oxford University in 1880.

He was 'capped' twice for England at full-back - the photograph was taken on his 1876 debut day when he was aged 21. His second and final game came 5 years later on 12 March 1881. That too was against Scotland, this time in England - but yet again the Scots prevailed......by a healthy margin of 6 goals to 1.  Several sources credit Edgar Field with having scored an own goal in that game - if that is so, he claims the rather dubious honour of becoming the first player to score an own goal in an England match.  His serious football career spanned the years 1871 to 1888 and he never received anything more than 'expenses' for playing.  None of the players in the picture were 'professional footballers' - payment for playing was not officially sanctioned until 1885. So all were unpaid 'amateurs' - literally 'lovers' of the game, for those who recognise their Latin roots.

By profession Edgar Field was an accountant - he practised initially in London, before coming to Derby in 1913 just prior to the First World War. He joined the Land Agents Messrs Shaw and Fuller of College Place, Derby, where one of the partners Mr. Fuller was his brother-in-law.  When he submitted his 'Bygones' piece in 1926, Edgar Field was living in Warwick Avenue, Littleover, still healthy, very active and continuing to attend the office.

He later moved to 7, Fairfield Road, Derby, where he died aged 79 on 11 January 1934. No doubt the current occupant of that modest home - not far from Normanton Park and Littleover village - has no idea that a pioneering England international footballer once lived there!  In his 'Bygones' interview Edgar Field gave a fascinating insight into the very early days of association football. Of himself he said: 'I was hard as nails in those days and thought nothing of walking for miles. I was almost six feet in height and scaled 13 and a half stone. I never looked my weight, although opponents at different times agreed that I felt more'.

So there it is - an evocation of a bygone age when an early England football player mingled with the good people of Littleover.  Yet the picture may have lain undiscovered for all time, for it was only by chance that Derby-based author and sports historian Peter Seddon came across it.  He had been looking for material on the Rams and England star Steve Bloomer in connection with his latest book - 'Pickles the World Cup Dog and Other Unusual Football Obituaries' - and had not expected the England 'bonus'.

Peter said of the discovery: "When I saw the England picture I knew instantly from my knowledge of football history that it was a significant find. What made it better still was that the photograph had a direct provenance - a personal link with one of the players who had appeared in the game, and a citizen of Derby to boot".  The discovery is proof positive too that the 'heritage industry' has valuable secrets yet to yield. In this case a significant addition to the England football archive - and the earliest picture of any international football team yet discovered. - YouAndYesterday.com

It was seen at a glance that England had not sent her best men to Scotland, but many of those who did appear were no mean exponents of the 'dribbling game'.

The Southrons were heavier men, and the experienced one could foretell that the condition of the ground would militate materially against their chance and, as it afterwards turned out, this helped to intensify the Northern victory. - Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle - Sunday 5th March, 1876

Source Notes

TheFA.com
Scottish Football Association
London Hearts
Cris Freddi's invaluable research
The Football Association Yearbook
The Sun newspaper, London
YouAndYesterday.com
Scottish Football Historical Archive

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CG