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Page Last Updated 4 May 2023 Alba
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4 vs. Scotland
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6 vs. Scotland
Saturday, 4 March 1876
Association Friendly Match

Scotland 3 England 0 [3-0]

The West of Scotland Cricket Ground, Hamilton Crescent, Peel Street, Partick, Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Kick-off (London Time): 'play began at half-past three.'
Attendance: 'in presence of about 12,000 spectators'; 'in presence of over 15,000 spectators'; 'presence of about 16,000'; 'Between 30,000 and 40,000 people assembled to witness the match'.
England's third visit to Hamilton Crescent, to Glasgow, to Lanarkshire and to Scotland
Joe Taylor won the toss Hubert Heron kicked-off
Season Record

[1-0] Billy MacKinnon overhead kick 8
 'screw kick over his head'

[2-0] Henry McNiel 12

[3-0] Thomas Highet header 35
 'off his head'
first ever headed goal in an international match
third ever scoreless second half - fourth ever scoreless half
  Played according to SFA rules

Match Summary

Officials [umpires and referees are of equal relevance]


Team Records

England Party


English and Scottish, each wore stockings of different colours. This was, in the first place, to indicate to a player in possession of the ball the positions of his fellow-players on the field, by watching their pedal extremities; and, secondly, to enable the spectators to identify a player by his party-coloured stockings. Cards were issued by the Queen's Park, giving the teams, and the colours of their stockings.
Along with the introduction to a half-time change over and interval  - wooden bars were also introduced, replacing a tape between the goalposts. This was also the first international match to be played in front of a grandstand.
Godfrey William Turner
22 (mid-1854), Slough
Swifts FC
Robert Gardner
28 (31 May 1847)
Scots goalkeeper for first four matches
William Campbell Mitchell

28 (23 April 1847), Mauchline
Queen's Park FC
Scotland Team
Rank No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 2nd to 1st
Colours Dark blue shirts, white shorts.
Captain Joseph Taylor Selection The Scottish Football Association Selection Committee
P 2 of 2, W 1 - D 1 - L 0 - F 5 - A 2 teams chosen in Glasgow on Wednesday, 1 March 1876
Scotland Lineup
27   McGeoch, Alexander 21
163 days
23 September 1854 G Dumbreck FC 1 0ᵍᵃ
youngest opposition gk so far
2 Taylor, Joseph
 black & white socks
79 days
16 December 1850 Back Queen's Park FC 5 0
=mst apps
3 Hunter, John 21/22 1854 Third Lanark Rifle Volunteers FC 3 0
4 McLintock, Alexander 22/23 1853 Half
Vale of Leven FC 2 0
5 Kennedy, Alexander 22
357 days
13 March 1853 Glasgow Eastern FC 2 0
will be an umpire in the 1888 fixture
McNiel, Henry
 yellow & black socks
22/23 1853 Forward Queen's Park FC 3 2
MacKinnon, William Muir
 black & white socks
46 days
18 January 1852 Queen's Park FC 5 2
=mst apps
Highet, Thomas Cochrane
 heather socks
201 days
16 August 1853 Queen's Park FC 2 1
28   Miller, William 21
290 days
19 May 1854 Third Lanark Rifle Volunteers FC 1 0
only app 1876
  Ferguson, John 27
256 days
22 June 1848 Vale of Leven FC 2 0
29   Baird, John Campbell 19
221 days
27 July 1856 Vale of Leven FC 1 0
reserves: G. Wilson (Clydesdale FC), Charles Campbell (Queen's Park FC), Moses McNeil (Rangers FC), Peter Andrews (Glasgow Eastern FC), and James Lang (Clydesdale FC);
team notes: Highet is often mistyped as Herriot.
records: Scotland start the match with a record low number of debutants, starting with just three, beating the four the only started with in the second match. Its a Scotland record, and an international record.
Both Joe Taylor and Bill MacKinnon are Scotland's most appearanced players and World Record holders.


McGeoch -
Taylor, Hunter -
McLintock, Kennedy -
McNiel, MacKinnon, Herriot, Miller, Ferguson, Baird.

Averages: Age 22 years 297 days-
23 years 31 days
Appearances/Goals 2.5 0.5

England Team

Rank No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 1st to 2nd
Colours White shirts with the English Arms in black on the breast, white shorts and dark blue caps.
Captain Hubert Heron Selection The Football Association Committee with secretary Charles W. Alcock having the primary influence,
only match, W 0 - D 0 - L 1 - F 0 - A 3 P 5 of 31, W 1 - D 2 - L 2 - F 7 - A 9.
  team chosen at The Freemason's Tavern, on Wednesday evening, 23 February 1876.
Some less reliable sources give the captaincy to Hubert's younger brother, Frank. But the more reliable sources give the captaincy rightly to Hubert.
England Lineup
 (a new record high ten changes to the previous match)
six   Savage, Arthur H.P. 25
139 days
18 October 1850
in Sydney, Australia
G Crystal Palace FC 1 3ᵍᵃ
34 only app 1876
35   Field, Edgar 21
220 days
29 July 1854 Full
Clapham Rovers FC 1 0
36   Green, Frederick Thomas 24
258 days
21 June 1851
in Wrexham, Wales
Wanderers FC & Old Wykehamists AFC 1 0
only app 1876
37   Bambridge, Ernest H. 27
294 days
16 May 1848 Half
Swifts FC 1 0
will be an umpire in the 1881 fixture only app 1876
38   Jarrett, Beaumont G. 20
231 days
18 July 1855 Cambridge University AFC & Old Harrovians AFC 1 0
oldest youngest player so far
  Heron, G. Hubert H. 24
35 days
30 January 1852 Forward Wanderers FC & Swifts FC 4 0
will be an umpire in the 1877 fixture mst apps
39 Buchanan, Walter S. 20
278 days
1 June 1855 Clapham Rovers FC 1 0
only app 1876
  Maynard, W. John 22
353 days
18 March 1853 First Surrey Rifles FC 2 0ᵍ 0ᵍᵃ
final app 1872-76
40   Smith, Charles E. 25
152 days
4 October 1850
in Colombo, Ceylon
CF Crystal Palace FC & Wanderers FC 1 0
only app 1876
41   Heron, C. Francis W. 22
177 days
10 September 1853 Wanderers FC 1 0
only app 1876
42   Cursham, Arthur W. 22
357 days
14 March 1853 Forward Notts County FC 1 0
reserves: Herbert Bevington (Clapham Rovers FC), Herbert Talbot (Swifts FC).
team changes: Frederick Maddison and Alfred Stratford (both Wanderers FC) were in the original starting line-up. Their places went to Bambridge and Green.
team notes: Hubert and Frank Heron are brothers, and a year after the Rawson brothers played for England, the Heron's are the third set of brothers, but the second set to play together in the same match.
appearance notes: Beaumont Jarrett is the youngest player of the eleven starting the match, thus breaking a record set in 1874 by Alfred Stratford by 48 days. Jarrett will be the oldest youngest player until 1880.
2-2-6 Savage -
Field, Green -
Bambridge, Jarrett -
H.Heron, Buchanan, Maynard, Smith, F.Heron, Cursham.
Averages: Age 23 years 192 days Appearances/Goals 1.4 0.0
       Match Report Morning Post, Monday, 6 March 1876

The match between the Eleven of All England and Eleven of All Scotland, under the association rules, took place on Saturday afternoon at Glasgow, in presence of over 15,000 spectators, many of whom paid half a crown for admission. There was quite a storm of rain and wind in the forenoon, so that the ground was in a puddle, although the weather had settled when play began at half-past three. The Scotch winning the toss played down the hill, and at once showed their superiority in combined play, taking a goal in eight minutes, another in five, and a third before half-time was called. Sides were changed, but England did not score, so that the match ended with three goals for Scotland to none for England. Jarrett, Smith, Bambridge, and the two Herons played splendidly for England, but their gallant efforts were repelled. The falls on both sides were numerous, all the players being muddy all over at the close.

       Match Report Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle, Sunday, 5 March 1876
It was seen at a glance that England had not sent her best men to Scotland, but many of those who did appear were no mean exponents of the 'dribbling game'.
The Southrons were heavier men, and the experienced one could foretell that the condition of the ground would militate materially against their chance and, as it afterwards turned out, this helped to intensify the Northern victory.
       Photo Report....YouAndYesterday.com

The grainy photograph of the England football team (right) has never before been 'published' in the modern era.

Prior to its posting on this website the 1876 image has been entirely unknown to the modern generation of football lovers in general and sports academics in particular. Even the in-house historian of the Football Association had no knowledge of the picture's existence.  So You & Yesterday may proudly claim a 'world exclusive' - a veritable football 'scoop' - for this is the earliest image of an England football team yet discovered.  As such it extends the photographic time-line of international football history by quite some years, for prior to this the earliest England team pictures known to exist dated only from the early 1890s.

From the Soho Square headquarters of the Football Association, the organisation's official historian David Barber said:  "We have a number of books on the history of the England team and the earliest picture I have ever seen dates from the early-1890s - certainly nothing like 1876. So yes, this is a major find."

A 'feather in the cap' then for the newspaper archive of Derby Local Studies library, for it was discovered in a 1920s edition of the Derbyshire Football Express which the library holds on old microfilm - hence the rather poor quality of the copied image.  Notwithstanding that, the picture demands to be shown for its historical rarity alone. Not least because no images of some of the players have hitherto been known. So at last faces are being put to names for some of the very first men to wear 'three lions on their shirt'. 

The photograph was taken in Glasgow on 4 March 1876 on the occasion of only the fifth ever international football game -that between England and Scotland played at the West of Scotland Cricket Ground, Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow.  Scotland emerged victorious by 3 goals to 0 - the photograph shows ten of the vanquished England side plus the 'umpire' - the early appellation for the match controller we now know as a referee.

The original photograph had been sent to the Derbyshire Football Express - at that time the 'Football Special' edition of the Derby Telegraph - for inclusion in a 'Bygones'-style feature. Yes, even then the 'heritage business' was flourishing!  The correspondent was 71-year-old Edgar Field - one of the England players in the photograph - who was living in Littleover, Derby, at the time.

Edgar Field was born in Wallingford, Berkshire, on 29 July 1854. He was educated at Lancing College at a time when 'association football' - born in 1863 - was not yet a decade old. He was a member of the school's football XI in 1870-71.  After leaving Lancing he played first for Clapham Rovers and later for Reading, the former at that time one of the foremost association sides in the country. Field had the singular honour of playing in two FA Cup Finals with Rovers - their 1-0 defeat by Old Etonians in 1879 and a 1-0 victory over Oxford University in 1880.

He was 'capped' twice for England at full-back - the photograph was taken on his 1876 debut day when he was aged 21. His second and final game came 5 years later on 12 March 1881. That too was against Scotland, this time in England - but yet again the Scots prevailed......by a healthy margin of 6 goals to 1.  Several sources credit Edgar Field with having scored an own goal in that game - if that is so, he claims the rather dubious honour of becoming the first player to score an own goal in an England match.  His serious football career spanned the years 1871 to 1888 and he never received anything more than 'expenses' for playing.  None of the players in the picture were 'professional footballers' - payment for playing was not officially sanctioned until 1885. So all were unpaid 'amateurs' - literally 'lovers' of the game, for those who recognise their Latin roots.

By profession Edgar Field was an accountant - he practised initially in London, before coming to Derby in 1913 just prior to the First World War. He joined the Land Agents Messrs Shaw and Fuller of College Place, Derby, where one of the partners Mr. Fuller was his brother-in-law.  When he submitted his 'Bygones' piece in 1926, Edgar Field was living in Warwick Avenue, Littleover, still healthy, very active and continuing to attend the office.

He later moved to 7, Fairfield Road, Derby, where he died aged 79 on 11 January 1934. No doubt the current occupant of that modest home - not far from Normanton Park and Littleover village - has no idea that a pioneering England international footballer once lived there!  In his 'Bygones' interview Edgar Field gave a fascinating insight into the very early days of association football. Of himself he said: 'I was hard as nails in those days and thought nothing of walking for miles. I was almost six feet in height and scaled 13 and a half stone. I never looked my weight, although opponents at different times agreed that I felt more'.

So there it is - an evocation of a bygone age when an early England football player mingled with the good people of Littleover.  Yet the picture may have lain undiscovered for all time, for it was only by chance that Derby-based author and sports historian Peter Seddon came across it.  He had been looking for material on the Rams and England star Steve Bloomer in connection with his latest book - 'Pickles the World Cup Dog and Other Unusual Football Obituaries' - and had not expected the England 'bonus'.

Peter said of the discovery: "When I saw the England picture I knew instantly from my knowledge of football history that it was a significant find. What made it better still was that the photograph had a direct provenance - a personal link with one of the players who had appeared in the game, and a citizen of Derby to boot".  The discovery is proof positive too that the 'heritage industry' has valuable secrets yet to yield. In this case a significant addition to the England football archive - and the earliest picture of any international football team yet discovered.   

       In Other News....
It was on 3 March 1876 that a select committee was appointed to report on the causes of the depreciation of the price of silver.
       Source Notes
J.Turner Umpire:- J.Turner, Swifts and G.Turner, Edinburgh University, the umpire in 1878, are both the same person... Godfrey William, baptised 26 July 1854 in his birthplace, Upton-cum-Chalvey (now a suburb of Slough), sometime in that quarter prior. Godfrey, and his younger brother, Charles George (b.1859), established football in the rugby-stronghold city of Edinburgh. They were both at Edinburgh University and established its first football club and arranged its first fixture (vs. Glasgow University). Godfrey was unanimously voted in as the club's first captain. He died on 17 July 1936 and is buried in St Mary's Churchyard in Slough.

The Football Association Yearbook
original newspaper report
Douglas Lamming's A Century of English International Football 1872-1988
Douglas Lamming's A Scottish Internationalists' Who's Who 1872-1986
Cris Freddi's England Football Factbook
Gibbs England: The Football Facts
John Maxwell's Scottish International Football Archive (website)

  Jack Rollin's Rothmans Book of Football Records
The Scottish Football Association, Scottish Match Archive
Mark Shaoul & Tony Williamson's Forever England: A History of the National Side
The Official History of the England Football Team (DVD)
John Treleven