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2 vs. Scotland
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4 vs. Scotland

Saturday, 7 March 1874
Association Friendly Match

Scotland 2 England 1
The teams changed ends after each goal

Match Summary
Scotland Party

England Party
Team Records

The West of Scotland Cricket Ground, Hamilton Crescent, Peel Street, Partick, Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Kick-off (London Time): "precisely at half past three"
Attendance: "computed at 8,000".

James Thomson kicked-off England won toss
[0-1] Robert Kingsford 22
'received a fine kick on the breast and the rebound sent the ball flying beneath the tape'
[1-1] Frederick Anderson 42
 'a well directed kick'
[2-1] Angus MacKinnon 45
 'sent the ball right between the legs of Welch'

Match Summary

Officials [umpires and referees are of equal relevance]


Played according to Scottish FA rules.



English and Scottish, each wore stockings of different colours. This was, in the first place, to indicate to a player in possession of the ball the positions of his fellow-players on the field, by watching their pedal extremities; and, secondly, to enable the spectators to identify a player by his party-coloured stockings. Cards were issued by the Queen's Park, giving the teams, and the colours of their stockings.
Alexander Morten
42/43 (1831/32)
Paddington. Crystal Palace FC
William Keay
Queen's Park FC
played for England in 1873 the referee and a reserve in first match
Archibald Rae

Scotland Team



No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 2nd
Colours: Dark blue shirts, white shorts.
Capt: James Thomson Selectors: The Scottish Football Association Selection Committee
Scotland Lineup
1 Gardner, Robert 26
280 days
31 May 1847 G

Clydesdale FC

3 5 GA
2 Hunter, John nk not known Backs 3rd Lanark Rifle Volunteers FC 1 0
3 Taylor, Joseph 23
81 days
16 December 1850 Queen's Park FC 3 0
4 Campbell, Charles nk not known Half
Queen's Park FC 1 0
5 Thomson, James J. 22
72 days
25 December 1851 Queen's Park FC 3 0
6 Weir, James B. 22
104 days
23 November 1851 For Queen's Park FC 2 0
7 Ferguson, John 25
258 days
22 June 1848 Vale of Leven FC 1 0
8 McNiel, Henry 20/21 1853 Queen's Park FC 1 0
9 MacKinnon, William M. 22
48 days
18 January 1852 Queen's Park FC 3 0
McKinnon, Angus nk not known Queen's Park FC 1 1
Anderson, Frederick nk not known Clydesdale FC 1 1


David Wotherspoon (Clydesdale FC) and Robert Neill (Queen's Park FC).

team notes:

The original chosen team included Clydesdale FC's David Wotherspoon and Queen's Park FC's Robert Leckie. Their place went to John Ferguson and John Hunter.


Gardner -
Hunter, Taylor -
Campbell, Thomson -
Weir, Ferguson, McNiel, MacKinnon, McKinnon, Anderson.


Age n/a Appearances/Goals 1.8 0.2


England Team



No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 1st

Colours: White shirts, white shorts and dark blue caps.
Capt: Cuthbert Ottaway
(second & final captaincy)
Selectors: The Football Association Committee, including Alfred Baker, with secretary Charles W. Alcock having the primary influence, on 25 February 1874.
most captaincies so far
England Lineup

Welch, Reginald C.

141 days
17 October 1851 G

Harrow Chequers FC

2 2 GA final app
21   Ogilvie, Robert A.M.M. 21
138 days
20 October 1852 Full
Clapham Rovers FC 1 0 only app
22   Stratford, Alfred H. 20
183 days
5 September 1853 Malvern College AFC & Wanderers FC 1 0 only app
23   Birley, Francis H. 24
1 day
6 March 1850 Oxford University AFC 1       0
5 Ottaway, Cuthbert J. 23
231 days
19 July 1850 For Oxford University AFC 2 0 final app
24   Wollaston, Charles H.R.
 playing with an injury
219 days
31 July 1849 Wanderers FC, Lancing Old Boys & Clapham Rovers FC 1       0
25 Kingsford, Robert K. 24
74 days
23 December 1849 Wanderers FC, Old Marlburians FC & Crystal Palace FC 1 1 only app
26   Edwards, J. Hawley 23/24 early 1850 Shropshire Wanderers FC & Wanderers FC 1 0 only app
27   Owen, John R.B. 25
286 days
25 May 1848 Sheffield FC 1 0 only app
10 Chenery, Charles J. 24
65 days
1 January 1850 Crystal Palace FC 3 1 final app
most apps
11 Heron, G. Hubert H. 22
37 days
30 January 1852 CF Uxbridge FC, Wanderers FC & Swifts FC 2       0


Frederick Maddison (Oxford University AFC), William Henry Stacey (Sheffield FC), John Berger van Sommer (Pilgrims FC) (van Sommer would be dead by the year was complete)

team notes:

The original team included Shropshire Wanderers FC's John Wylie. His place went to Hawley Edwards. Another source states that Alcock was also in the original line-up, and that his place went to Wollaston.
Charles Wollaston played with a knee injury throughout this match.
A week after this match, on 14 March 1874, AG Goodwyn died in action in East India, becoming the first international footballer to die.


A record eight players will not play for England again.
Robert Kingsford is the only Englishman to score at the West of Scotland Cricket Ground.
A new record is established in just the third game when Wanderers' provided five of the starting XI.

Welch -
Ogilvie, Stratford -
Birley -
Owen, Edwards, Chenery, Kingsford, Heron, Ottaway, Wollaston.


Age 23 years 99-132 days Appearances/Goals 1.5      0.2
most experienced team so far
"In the evening the English team were entertained at a grand banquet in the George Hotel, George-square. Mr. J. C. Wakefield, president of the Clydesdale, taking the chair." - Morning Post, Monday, 9 March 1874


Match Report - Morning Post, Monday, 9 March 1874 In Other News.....

This great international, played in accordance with the association rules, took place on Saturday afternoon, on the West of Scotland Ground at Partick, near Glasgow, and the weather being exceptionally fine and pleasant there was an immense attendance of spectators, computed at 8,000. Mr. Ottaway, having won the toss, Scotland kicked off about 3.30 amidst a scene of great excitement. No sooner was the ball in motion than the English carried it down to their opponents' citadel, Hubert Heron, Kingsford, and Chenery making some vigorous onslaughts, which for some time were successfully repelled. At length, however, after a desperate mélée in front of their lines, the ball being kicked on the breast of Kingsford, it bounded off and went between their posts, thus crediting England with the first goal. Ends were quickly reversed, and the Scotch, stimulated by the cheers of their partisans, renewed the strife with increased vigour, their efforts ultimately being crowned with success, as Mr. F. Anderson succeeded in equalising matters by securing a goal. Both sides fought grandly, but fortune favoured the Scotch, who shortly afterwards obtained a second goal; and notwithstanding the strenuous efforts of Ottaway, Chenery, Heron and Kingsford, who worked hard to retrieve their loss, England sustained a defeat, their opponents obtaining two goals to their one.

  It was on 7 March 1874 that Prince Alfred, the Duke of Edinburgh and son of Queen Victoria, arrived back in England, with the new Duchess of Edinburgh, the daughter of the Russian Tsar Alexander II, following their wedding in St. Petersburg.
Although the game was won by Scotland it must be admitted that the English team played splendidly and, in an individual point of view, surpassed the Scotch team, but the latter, who all knew each other's play, acted magnificently together, and completely puzzled their opponents in the art of passing the ball and close dribbling.
What the Scotch lacked in weight was amply made up in swiftness and playing-together power - a course which was splendidly illustrated during the game, and there can only be one opinion about the manner in which they profited by each other's play, passing the ball, in several instances, in a way that completely astonished their opponents. - Bell's Life, Sunday, 8 March 1874
Source Notes  
The Football Association Yearbook
original newspaper report

Bryon Butler's The Official History of the Football Association
Douglas Lamming's A Century of English International Football 1872-1972 & 1872-1988
Douglas Lamming's A Scottish Internationalists' Who's Who 1872-1986
Cris Freddi's England Football Factbook
Nick Gibbs England: The Football Facts
Brian James' England v Scotland
John Maxwell's Scottish International Football Archive (website)
Jack Rollin's Rothmans Book of Football Records
The Scottish Football Association, Scottish Match Archive
Mark Shaoul & Tony Williamson's Forever England: A History of the National Side
The Official History of the England Football Team (DVD)
Michael Southwick's Cuthbert Ottaway: England's First Football Captain